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The Living Universe

A New Theory for the Creation of Matter in the Universe

Gravitational Fields and Photon Mass

The theory of the gravitational field requires that the photon has mass. Consider the coming together and meeting of a proton and antiproton. As they approach, the gravitational field of each pulls them together with increasing force. Each of these mass bodies has been generating its gravitational field forever. Both particles have always had this gravity connection even when they were far away from one another but the force was extremely weak until they got closer and closer together. Gravity is the primary force field in the universe and is unchanging and eternal for each body of mass in the universe.

Once the proton and the antiproton get close enough together a secondary force field take over. Once the proposed electromagnetic fields of the particles touch, they couple together and they form an unstable atom similar to positronium. This atom begins and annihilation process that is not stopped by a ground state as occurs in ordinary atoms. The rest mass of the particles becomes converted into spin energy as they are pulled closer and closer together and spin faster and faster. The total mass of the atom does not change because the spin energy has the mass of e=mc2 .

What must this do to each particle’s gravitational field? When a body’s rest mass is diminished as it is converted to kinetic mass does its gravitational field also diminish or does the abandoned field convert to the kinetic mass inherent in the atoms energy.

Finally the atom’s energy becomes so great that the kinetic mass of its spin energy is equal to it rest mass. When this happens, the atom splits into two photons.

Einstein and others have proposed that these photons have no mass but how can this be? How could both the atom’s rest mass and its kinetic mass simply disappear into photon energy? If all other forms of energy have mass, how is it possible that photon energy has no mass? What becomes of the atom’s gravitational field? Does it split in two and stay with the photons or does it simply vanish? Vanishing might be difficult because the atom’s gravitational field extended all the way to infinity. Does this extra unneeded gravitational field disappear all at once throughout the whole universe or does it just dissolve outwardly at some velocity like the speed of light?

It should follow that the gravitational field must remain intact within the photons because when photons strike some matter they will be split into electron-positron pairs. Each of these “new” particles will need its own gravitational field extending to infinity.

If you believe in the gravitational field you should also believe that photons carry their own gravitational fields that are inherent in their mass-energies. If photons have gravity how can they not have mass and if photons have mass how can they not have gravitational fields?

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Living Universe Book

The Living Universe Book

A New Theory for the Creation of Matter in the Universe

In the Living Universe, the properties of matter slowly evolve with a transformation in the mass and size of the electron. Matter was created not out of the chaos of an explosion of space and time but rather from the perfect and orderly reproductive processes of ordinary matter in the form of electrons and protons. This book is available for sale.