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The Rules of Circlon Nuclear Structure

The following Nuclear Structure Rules describe how Promestones are added, one at a time, to form the nuclear structures of successive elements from hydrogen (#1) through circlonium (#118).

To form a stable nucleus, one or more neutrons must be added with each Promestone. As the nucleus grows, one element at a time, its structure must obey the Hydrogen and Alpha Center Rules, and, as structural complexity increases, one or more of the ten other rules.

Hydrogen Rule

Each meson has four Nucleon Receptors equally spaced along its circumference. One of the meson’s four Nucleon Receptors must always be occupied by a proton. The other three Nucleon Receptors are spaced at 90 degree intervals from the proton. In the hydrogen nucleus, the Nucleon Receptors at 90 degrees from the proton must remain vacant.

Nucleon Receptors are not physical structures in that they “look” no different from the rest of the meson’s circumference; they merely represent the four places where nucleons (protons and neutrons) and other mesons can attach to a meson within a nucleus.

Circlon Model

The Alpha Center Rule

The center of each nucleus heavier than hydrogen is formed by an Alpha Center. The structure of the Alpha Center, which is essentially an alpha particle, consists of two mesons crossed at right angles to one another, with a proton and neutron at each intersection.

The two remaining Nucleon Receptors of each meson are vacant so that the He-4 nucleus has four vacant Nucleon Receptors. These four Receptors all contain neutrons in He-8, which is the heaviest unstable isotope of helium.

alpha particle

Meson Rules

Four simple rules govern the configuration of protons and neutrons within the mesons that form the completed inner structure of all nuclei large enough for the rules to apply.

Rule of Four
The two mesons that form the Alpha Center of a nucleus will each contain four neutrons and four protons when their structure is complete. These two mesons will have one neutron and one proton at each joint where they connect. (This rule applies to all elements from carbon on.)

Rule of Three
All mesons outside of the Alpha Center will contain three neutrons when their structure is complete. (This rule applies to all elements from sodium on.)

Rule of Two
Whenever two mesons are joined together at one point they will contain two nucleons (one neutron and one proton) at this joint when their structure is complete. (This rule applies to all elements from lithium on.)

Rule of One
Whenever two mesons outside of the alpha center are crossed so that they are joined in two places, they will have one proton at one joint and one neutron at the other joint when their structure is complete. (This rule applies to all elements from nitrogen on.)



Lithium forms when a Promestone attaches to one of the Alpha Center’s vacant nucleon receptors. This structure is called a Lithium Leg, and all elements except palladium and the noble gases have at least one. This process is repeated in successive elements, until the Alpha Center’s three other vacant receptors are filled with Lithium Legs, forming carbon.

Nitrogen forms when a Promestone is attached in a cross formation with one of carbon’s four Lithium Legs to form a Nitrogen Cross. Lithium Legs and Nitrogen Crosses hold the electrons of an atom’s outermost electron shell. In a Nitrogen Cross, the proton occupies one pair of crossed nucleon receptors, and the neutron occupies the other pair.

The Nitrogen Cross is similar in structure to the Alpha Center, except that it’s structure is complete when it has one proton at one of the junctions of its crossed mesons, and one neutron at the other junction. This process is repeated with successive elements, until the three remaining Lithium Legs are converted to Nitrogen Crosses to form neon.

At this point, a second Lithium Process begins with sodium and ends at argon to form another outer layer of nuclear structure. This step-by-step building of outer layers of nuclear structure is called the Lithium Process. There are five Lithium Processes, ending with neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon respectively.

A sixth Lithium Process begins with francium and radium, but is interrupted by the third Scandium Process, and cannot be expected to resume formation until element #112 and then complete that process at element #118 (circlonium).


The Dual Event Transformation

When a fourth Scandium Ear is added to a vanadium nucleus, it causes a Promestone from one of its Lithium Legs to immediately move from the third Lithium Layer down into the first Scandium Layer, where it combines with a Scandium Ear to form a Chromium Cross. This is a Dual Event Transformation, and it occurs in the formation of twelve other elements, namely copper, niobium, ruthenium, palladium, cerium, terbium, gold, protactinium, uranium, neptunium, plutonium, and berkelium.

The need for a Dual Event Transformation is indicated in the electron configuration for these elements (see the vertical row of numbers at the lower left of each isotope). These numbers indicate the number of electrons in each of the atom’s electron shells. Since each Promestone holds an electron, it shows up in the electron configuration when a Promestone moves from an upper position in the nucleus to a lower one, as the electron held by that Promestone is likewise pulled down into an inner shell.

Dual Event Transformation Rules

Chromium Rule
Twenty-five percent of any layer of Chromium Crosses must form in one step and be the result of a Dual Event Transformation. Thus, one Chromium Cross is formed in chromium and two Chromium Crosses are formed in cerium and protactinium.

Niobium Rule
When a layer of first four, then three and finally six Scandium Ears is formed, it immediately initiates a Dual Event Transformation, in which a Promestone moves down into the internal structure of the nucleus from a Lithium Leg. This forms a Chromium Cross in the case of chromium, a fourth Scandium Ear in the case of niobium, and a seventh Scandium Ear in the case of ruthenium. This rule is not obeyed by elements heavier than ruthenium.

29 copper

Copper Balls

Like chromium, copper is formed in a Dual Event Transformation, when a Promestone is added to one of nickel’s Chromium Crosses to form a Copper Ball. This creates a dynamical imbalance that causes a Promestone to move down from the Lithium Layer to the Scandium Layer, and form a second Copper Ball opposite the first. In a Copper Ball, the third meson is attached to where the two mesons of the Chromium Cross cross and attach to each other. One of these two junctions contains three mesons and a proton, while the other contains three mesons and a neutron. These two Copper Balls both begin and complete the first layer of two Copper Balls. At this point the third Lithium Process resumes with the addition of a Lithium Leg to form zinc. Copper’s two remaining Chromium Crosses do not become Copper Balls until the formation of palladium.

Copper Rule
Whenever the last ball in a layer of two, four or eight Copper Balls is formed, it does so as the result of a Dual Event Transformation, initiated by the formation of either the first, the third or the seventh ball in the layer. This rule applies to copper, palladium, gold, and element #111

nickel 62

Palladium Rule
The last two balls in a layer of four or eight Copper Balls cannot form until the layer of Scandium Ears of the next Scandium Process has completed its formation. This rule applies to palladium, gold, and element #111.

Terbium Rule
Whenever the first ball in a layer of eight Copper Balls is formed, it does so as a result of a Dual Event Transformation, as in the case of terbium and berkelium.

gold 197


Lanthanum Rule

lanthanumA Lanthanum Spear will always occur in the element prior to the beginning, and completion, of a layer of eight Chromium Crosses. This rule applies to lanthanum, gadolinium, actinium and curium.

A Lanthanum Spear, which is essentially a false start at the third Scandium Process, is always a temporary nuclear structure that eventually moves down into the internal nuclear structure in a Dual Event Transformation. Lanthanum is formed when a Promestone is attached to one of barium’s Nitrogen Legs to form a Lanthanum Spear.

Thorium Rule

In order for the first five Chromium Crosses in the Actinide Group to form, the “pressure” of one must be maintained in the external structure of the nucleus.

When a Promestone is added to a thorium nucleus, it forms a third Lanthanum Spear. As soon as this resulting pre-protactinium nucleus is formed, the two other Lanthanum Spears move down into the third Scandium Layer to form two Chromium Crosses opposite each other. The resulting protactinium nucleus is transformed into uranium by the addition of another Promestone, which first momentarily forms a second Lanthanum Spear and then either it or the Lanthanum Spear opposite falls down into the third Scandium Layer to form a third Chromium Cross.

When a Promestone is added to a neptunium nucleus to form a fifth Chromium Cross, the Lanthanum Spear then moves down to form the sixth Chromium Cross of plutonium. This rule applies to thorium, protactinium, uranium, neptunium. and plutonium.



Archetope Symmetry Principle
All elements have at least 3 known isotopes and some have as many as twenty-nine. The 104 named elements contain nearly two thousand known isotopes. Of these about 280 are stable or have very long lifetimes. Each element has a particular isotope that is most representative of that element. This archetypal isotope is called the element’s Archetope. The primary consideration in determining an element’s Archetope is symmetry. An Archtope’s balance neutrons must maintain an internal symmetry that matches the Archetopes surrounding it on the periodic table. Most Archetopes obey all three Archetope Rules.

Chromium Cross
The nuclear structure that is formed by the crossing and linking together of two adjacent Scandium Ears.

Copper Ball
The nuclear structure that is formed when a Promestone is attached to a Chromium Cross, at a 45 degree angle to that Cross’ two component Promestones.

Dual Event Transformation
Dual Event Transformations occur as interruptions in the natural flow of the Scandium Process. When a Dual Event Transformation occurs, the Lithium Process moves one step backwards, enabling the Scandium Process to move two steps forward. They occur at the beginnings and endings of layers and sub-layers in the internal nuclear structure. One explanation of why this occurs, is that the weight of the external nuclear structure is too great for the resistance of the internal nuclear structure, and a Promestone from the external structure “falls” into the internal structure.

scandium ear

Lanthanum Spear
The nuclear structure formed when a Promestone is attached to the side of one of the legs of a nucleus. A Lanthanum Spear is just like a Scandium Ear, except that it attaches farther out on the nuclear leg while it “waits” to migrate down into the internal nuclear structure, to join with a Scandium Ear, to form a Chromium Cross. Lanthanum, gadolinium, actinium, protactinium, uranium, neptunium, and curium each have one Lanthanum Spear, and thorium is the only element with two.

Lithium Leg
The nuclear structure formed by the attachment of a Promestone to one of helium’s (the alpha particle) vacant nucleon receptors. This process transforms an alpha particle to a lith


Stability Number
The idea of the Stability Number is a new concept for the classification of the structure of atomic nuclei. It is a very simple system that matches nuclear structure with a superior degree of accuracy. This system fits the whole range of elements very well. Elements that fall outside of these rules have what are called Stability Anomalies, and provide a means of testing the idea of circlon nuclear structure. These anomalies must be explained in terms of the unique nuclear structure of the elements exhibiting them.

The Stability Number for each element is the increase in mass that its Archetope has over the Archetope of the previous element. This difference in mass is measured in whole units of proton or neutron mass.

For most elements, the Archetope is quite unambiguous, since almost half of the elements have either only one stable isotope or no stable isotopes, and thus only one longest-lived isotope. For most of the other elements with more than one stable isotope, the choice of Archetope is quite straightforward, since the relative natural abundance of the various isotopes of a particular element will usually, quite overwhelmingly, point to a single isotope. These most abundant isotopes almost invariably match the neutron patterns of the Archetopes closely associated with their particular element on the periodic table.

Archetope Rules 1.
The Atomic Weight of Archetopes will be even for even numbered elements and odd for the odd numbered elements.

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